All times are UTC




Post new topic Reply to topic  [ 3 posts ] 
Author Message
 Post subject: Kazakhstan - Almaty
Post Number:#1  PostPosted: 31 Oct 2009 23:08 
Offline
Admin
User avatar

Joined: 28 Oct 2008
Last Visit: 18 Sep 2018 15:25
Posts: 3616
Location: Surrey UK
Gender: Male
Status: Married
Her/His Country: Russia
RW_here_since: July 2008
Times_to_FSU: Too many to remember
Kazakhstan


Image ..... Image


Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is an Asian country which is ranked as the ninth largest country in the world. It is also the world's largest landlocked country. Its territory of 2,727,300 km² is greater than Western Europe. It is neighbored clockwise from the north by Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and also borders on a significant part of the Caspian Sea. The capital moved in 1997 to Astana from Almaty, Kazakhstan's largest city.

Vast in size, the land in Kazakhstan is very diverse in types of terrain: flatlands, steppes, taigas, rock-canyons, hills, deltas, in part snow-capped mountains and deserts. With 16.4 million people (2009 census), Kazakhstan has the 62nd largest population in the world, with a population density of less than 6 people per square kilometre (15 per sq. mi.).

For most of its history the territory of modern-day Kazakhstan has been inhabited by nomadic tribes. By the 16th century the Kazakhs emerged as a distinct group, divided into three hordes. The Russians began advancing into the Kazakh steppe in the 18th century, and by the mid-19th century all of Kazakhstan was part of the Russian Empire. Following the 1917 Russian Revolution, and subsequent civil war, the territory of Kazakhstan was reorganised several times before becoming the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic in 1936, a part of the USSR. During the 20th century, Kazakhstan was the site of major Soviet projects, including Khrushchev's Virgin Lands campaign, the Baikonur Cosmodrome, and the Semipalatinsk "Polygon", the USSR's primary nuclear weapon testing site.

Kazakhstan declared itself an independent country on 16 December 1991, the last Soviet republic to do so. Its communist-era leader, Nursultan Nazarbayev, became the country's new president. Since independence, Kazakhstan has pursued a balanced foreign policy and worked to develop its economy, especially its hydrocarbon industry. While the country's economic outlook is improving, President Nazarbayev maintains strict control over the country's politics. Nevertheless, Kazakhstan's international prestige is building. It is now considered to be the dominant state in Central Asia. The country is a member of many international organizations, including the United Nations, NATO's Partnership for Peace, the Commonwealth of Independent States, and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation. In 2010, Kazakhstan will chair the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.

Kazakhstan is ethnically and culturally diverse, in part due to mass deportations of many ethnic groups to the country during Stalin's rule. Kazakhs are the largest group. Kazakhstan allows freedom of religion, and many different beliefs are represented in the country. Islam is the primary religion. The Kazakh language is the state language, while Russian is also officially used as an "equal" language (to Kazakh) in Kazakhstan's institutions.

_________________
.
Image


 Profile  
 
 Post subject: Re: Kazakhstan - Almaty
Post Number:#2  PostPosted: 01 Nov 2009 05:02 
Offline
Admin
User avatar

Joined: 28 Oct 2008
Last Visit: 18 Sep 2018 15:25
Posts: 3616
Location: Surrey UK
Gender: Male
Status: Married
Her/His Country: Russia
RW_here_since: July 2008
Times_to_FSU: Too many to remember
Almaty

Image



Almaty formerly known as Alma-Ata, Verniy (Верный)) is the largest city in Kazakhstan, with a population of 1,348,500 (as of 1 September 2008), which represents 9% of the population of the country.

It was the capital of Kazakhstan (and its predecessor, the Kazakh SSR) from 1929 to 1998. Despite losing its status as the capital to Astana, Almaty remains the major commercial center of Kazakhstan.


Downtown Almaty as seen from Kok Tobe


Established in 1854 as a frontier fort, Almaty has developed into the largest cosmopolitan city in Kazakhstan. Since independence in 1991 , the city has experienced a significant transformation from its sudden exposure to western markets. Almaty, formerly the capital of Kazakhstan, remains the business, financial and cultural center of the country.

Almaty is a cosmopolitan city that boasts of some of the best restaurants, hotels and museums in Central Asia. Russian and Kazakh are the two major languages spoken in Almaty, although many people speak English. This city is located in the shadow of the West Tian Shan Mountains.

A visit to Almaty provides an excellent opportunity for skiing: the lifts climb to approximately 3,163 meters. Great Almaty Lake, which is just west of Chimbulak, Almaty's main ski resort, has a quaint alpine style hotel for overnights.

The Central State Museum offers an excellent overview of Kazakhstan's history and includes numerous exhibit halls which provide an overview of the country’s chief archeological treasures and ancient traditions. Visitors to the city should also not miss Panfilov Park and the fabulous tsarist-era Russian Orthodox Cathedral, which was build entirely of wood early in the last century

There is no Almaty without the mountains. In clear weather they are seen from everywhere and are a real city landmark indispensable for directions. "Up" or "towards the mountains" also means "to the south" because the mountains are in the south. "Down" means "to the north", "in the direction opposite the mountains". People in Almaty are very friendly and many of them speak English.
























Zenkov Cathedral, is a 19th-century Russian Orthodox cathedral located in Panfilov Park,
is the second tallest wooden building in the world.



Samal



The Central Mosque of Almaty

[video]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qDqxpGGd9Fc&feature=related[/video]

_________________
.
Image


 Profile  
 
 Post subject: Re: Kazakhstan - Almaty
Post Number:#3  PostPosted: 02 Nov 2009 15:20 
Offline
Veteran Member
User avatar

Joined: 11 Oct 2009
Last Visit: 03 Jun 2013 11:37
Posts: 516
Gender: Male
Status: Married
Her/His Country: Russia/Holland
RW_here_since: 2005
Times_to_FSU: 5
Kazakhstan is an interesting country. While Asian, they have a lot of Russian culture.
And oil.
They have mountains,desert.
And oil.
And outside Almaty they still have a lot of space that is hardly visited or developed.

Did I mention they have oil ?

_________________
It's not a dog...this is how I look. Image


 Profile  
 
Display posts from previous:  Sort by  
Post new topic Reply to topic  [ 3 posts ] 

All times are UTC


Who is online

Registered users: Bing [Bot]


You cannot post new topics in this forum
You cannot reply to topics in this forum
You cannot edit your posts in this forum
You cannot delete your posts in this forum
You cannot post attachments in this forum

Jump to:  
cron
Powered by phpBB